Felix Astner
JavaScript, Magento and other Software
Felix Astner

Unveiling Magento 2 Collections: A Deep Dive Into Query Conditions

In the realm of Magento 2, collections play a pivotal role in fetching and manipulating data. They act as a query builder, enabling developers to retrieve data matching certain criteria from the database. When working with collections, particularly product collections, one comes across a variety of conditions that can be employed to filter data. These conditions are encapsulated within an array and are interpreted by the \Magento\Framework\Data\Collection\AbstractDb::_getConditionSql method to generate the corresponding SQL condition. This article unfolds the mystery behind these conditions, helping you grasp how they translate to SQL, and how to use them effectively in your Magento 2 projects.

  1. Range Condition:
array("from" => $fromValue, "to" => $toValue)

This condition filters data within a specified range. In SQL, it translates to:

WHERE `field` BETWEEN $fromValue AND $toValue
  1. Equal Condition:
array("eq" => $equalValue)

This is a straightforward equality check:

WHERE `field` = $equalValue
  1. Not Equal Condition:
array("neq" => $notEqualValue)

As the name suggests, this checks for inequality:

WHERE `field` != $notEqualValue
  1. Like Condition:
array("like" => $likeValue)

This condition supports wildcard matching:

WHERE `field` LIKE $likeValue
  1. In Condition:
array("in" => array($inValues))

This checks if a value is among a list of specified values:

WHERE `field` IN ($inValues)
  1. Not In Condition:
array("nin" => array($notInValues))

Opposite of the In condition, it checks for values not present in a specified list:

WHERE `field` NOT IN ($notInValues)
  1. Not Null Condition:
array("notnull" => $valueIsNotNull)

This condition checks if a field is not null:

  1. Null Condition:
array("null" => $valueIsNull)

Contrary to the Not Null condition, this checks if a field is null:

  1. More Or Equal Condition:
array("moreq" => $moreOrEqualValue)

This condition checks if a field value is more or equal to a specified value:

WHERE `field` >= $moreOrEqualValue
  1. Greater Than Condition:
array("gt" => $greaterValue)

Checks if a field value is greater than a specified value:

WHERE `field` > $greaterValue
  1. Less Than Condition:
array("lt" => $lessValue)

Checks if a field value is less than a specified value:

WHERE `field` < $lessValue
  1. Greater Or Equal Condition:
array("gteq" => $greaterOrEqualValue)

Checks if a field value is greater or equal to a specified value:

WHERE `field` >= $greaterOrEqualValue
  1. Less Or Equal Condition:
array("lteq" => $lessOrEqualValue)

Checks if a field value is less or equal to a specified value:

WHERE `field` <= $lessOrEqualValue
  1. Find In Set Condition:
array("finset" => $valueInSet)

This condition is useful when working with SET or ENUM types:

WHERE FIND_IN_SET($valueInSet, `field`)
  1. Regular Expression Condition:
array("regexp" => $regularExpression)

Enables pattern matching based on regular expressions:

WHERE `field` REGEXP $regularExpression
  1. String Equal Condition:
array("seq" => $stringValue)

This condition is similar to the Equal Condition but is specifically used for string comparisons:

WHERE `field` = $stringValue
  1. String Not Equal Condition:
array("sneq" => $stringValue)

This is the string variant of the Not Equal condition, ideal for string comparisons:

WHERE `field` != $stringValue

Understanding and employing these conditions appropriately in your Magento 2 projects will empower you to construct queries that are both powerful and precise. Each condition translates to a specific SQL clause, providing a clear pathway from your Magento collection queries to the underlying database operations. As you delve deeper into Magento 2 development, mastering collections and their conditions will undoubtedly be a cornerstone of your journey.

Moreover, for the curious minds, diving into the \Magento\Framework\Data\Collection\AbstractDb::_getConditionSql method will reveal how Magento interprets these conditions to build the SQL queries. This method acts as a bridge between the Magento collections and the database, ensuring your queries are well-formulated and optimized for performance.

In conclusion, Magento 2 collections are a robust tool in the arsenal of a Magento developer, providing a seamless, efficient method of interacting with the database. Through the array of conditions outlined above, developers have a wide latitude in crafting queries to fetch exactly the data they need, how they need it. Whether you are building a complex ecommerce platform or a simple Magento module, a solid understanding of collection conditions is indispensable.


Felix Astner

As a software developer, I bring a specialized focus in web technologies, enriched by my interests in C++, AI, and computer theory. If you're in need of any freelance services, expert training, or insightful consulting, I encourage you to connect with me.