Felix Astner
JavaScript, Magento and other Software
Felix Astner

Resolving Dependency Issues in TypeORM

When using TypeORM with TypeScript, encountering a "No metadata for 'Book' was found" error can be frustrating. This error typically arises when TypeORM cannot locate necessary metadata for an entity. While this can be due to various reasons, dependency issues when entities are specified explicitly in the configuration can be particularly challenging. Here’s how to handle these issues effectively.

Ensure Proper Entity Decoration

Ensure each entity like Book is correctly decorated with TypeORM decorators, which are essential for TypeORM to recognize and utilize the entities.

import { Entity, PrimaryGeneratedColumn, Column } from "typeorm";

export class Book {
    id: number;
    title: string;
    author: string;

Explicit Entity Specification

When specifying entities explicitly in your TypeORM configuration, ensure they are listed in a manner that respects their dependencies. For example, if Author depends on Book, Book should be listed before Author.

import { Book } from "./entities/Book";
import { Author } from "./entities/Author";

// TypeORM config
export default {
    type: "postgres",
    // other config options
    entities: [
        Author // Ensure dependent entities are loaded in the correct order

Handling Circular Dependencies

If you face circular dependencies, consider reorganizing your entities or using advanced TypeScript features like interfaces or forward references (forwardRef() in some frameworks) to decouple entity definitions.

Debug Import Conflicts with Breakpoints

To debug import conflicts, set breakpoints in your IDE at the initialization or usage points of your entities. Examine the call stack to identify issues with the loading order or circular dependencies.


Explicitly specifying entities in TypeORM configuration requires careful management of dependencies and import orders. By ensuring entities are properly decorated and listed in a dependency-respecting manner, most "No metadata found" errors can be resolved. Additionally, using breakpoints to trace and fix import conflicts can be highly effective in large and complex applications.

This guide aims to help developers untangle the complexities of entity management in TypeORM, ensuring a smoother development experience and more robust application architecture.


Felix Astner

As a software developer, I bring a specialized focus in web technologies, enriched by my interests in C++, AI, and computer theory. If you're in need of any freelance services, expert training, or insightful consulting, I encourage you to connect with me.